TOEIC Grammar Lesson - Could HaveJul 30, 2023
How do we use COULD HAVE in English?
There are a variety of English grammar patterns that are tested on the TOEIC® exam. Past Modals like Could Have often appear in Part V and Part VI. The pattern here is could have followed by a past participle verb.
We use could have to show that something was possible in the past, but didn't happen.
- I went to an Italian restaurant last night. I could have had pizza, but I had pasta.
- Katie could have won the race, but she twisted her ankle during the final sprint.
We use could not have when we talk about something that was not possible in the past.
- Thanks for your help. That desk was heavy and I couldn’t have moved it without you.
- My flight was delayed, so I couldn't have made it to the meeting on time even if I had left earlier.
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👉 You can even take your sentences and write them in the comments below. I would love to see your examples.
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