Let’s start off with a little bit of review of participle adjectives in general. These are generally adjectives ending in ED or ING that are based on verbs. For example, tired and tiring. Both of these words come from the verb tire. I could say that:
- My job tires me. My job is tiring. I’m tired because of my job.
- Jazz music really excites me. Jazz is exciting. I get excited when I listen to jazz.
There are however, five participle ED adjectives that don’t have a corresponding ING form. Knowing these is going to help your English conversation sound more natural and give you an edge on exams like TOEIC, TOEFL and IELTS. Let's check them out!
Here are the example sentences. To get the details of this English lesson, you need to listen to the podcast or check the transcript for the details.
- I was delighted to take a walk in that garden. Or taking a walk in that garden was delightful.
- We were delighted to see them. Seeing them last night was delightful.
- I was impressed by the exhibition. Or the exhibition was impressive.
- I’m sure everyone will be impressed by his speech. His speeches are always impressive.
- Jenny was offended by the boss’s comments. She found his comments offensive.
- I was offended by the smell of that cheese. The smell of that cheese was offensive.
- I felt scared on the subway at night. The subway at night is scary.
- Tommy was scared when he rode the roller coaster. He said the roller coaster was scary.
- Jack was stressed when the boss called him in for a meeting. He said the meeting was very stressful.
- Going out in the car is stressful for my dog. He gets stressed in the car.
If you know anyone who might be interested in this English language point, why not help them out! Just share this lesson with them. Thanks for studying today!